On the legendary road of Oriental carpets

The Oriental rugs are famous all over the world for its beauty and quality. So many Westerners are ready to pay a huge amount of money just to get into their homes the great Persian handmade carpets, or the Indian ones from the North. The Persian carpets are produced nowadays inside the land of modern Iran, but the area where you can find outstanding rugs is way much larger, and is reffered as „The Belt rug”. It starts from Morocco, it goes all over North Africa, Middle East, Central Asia, and it ends in North of India. Because these rugs are produced inside the region where the majority of population is Muslim, people often call them „Islamic carpets” as well. However, it doesn’t mean that other groups belonging to different religious faiths are not involved in the production of oriental carpets. According to some scientists and their evidences, the art of carpet weaving existed in Iran in ancient times, the 500 B.C. Pazyric carpet dating back to the Achaemenid period. A documented evidence considered as the first, regarding the existence of Persian carpets came from Chinese texts dating back to the Sassanid period (224 – 641 CE).

(An example of Persian carpets)

(A map showing the area known as „The rug belt”)

(Oriental carpets animal motifs and its meaning)

Ram Horns – male fertility
Deer – well being
Bats – happiness
Dogs protector of noble places
Stag – long life
Duck – faithful marriage
Camel – wealth
Crab – invincible knowledge
Elephant – power
Butterfly – happiness
Lion – victory
Crane – longevity
Fish – abundance & prosperity
Phoenix – Empress
Dragon – Emperor
Dove – peace
Tarantula – prevents bad luck
Horse – speed
Peacock – divine protection

(An Uzbek lady weaving a local carpet)

(A beautiful red shades traditional rug from Afghanistan)

(A piece of traditional Uzbek rug)

Turkmen rugs, a proof of pure, unchanged tradition inside Central Asia

The oriental carpet lovers see Turkmenistan as the first country inside Central Asian world where the tradition of carpet- weaving has remained unchanged. A typical turkmen rug is famous for its beauty, vibrant colours and outstanding quality. What makes these carpets special are the natural dyes, their distinct patterns, easy recognizable by the experts. The local weavers with their strong desire to keep the national carpets as a part of their cultural identity play a crucial role in the industry.

The Beauty of Persian World